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Installing Oracle 10g / 11g on Ubuntu 8.04.1 (Hardy Heron) Server JEOS in VMware Server 1.0x/2.0x

I’ve been tasked with becoming an Oracle DBA, so I need to be able to create an VMware Server image containing 32 bit Ubuntu 8.04.1 Server JEOS and Oracle 10g. Much of the work was taken from Augusto Bott‘s Installing Oracle 11g on Ubuntu Linux 7.10 (Gutsy Gibbon) and Peter Cooper‘s How to Install VMware Tools on Ubuntu Hardy 8.04 under VMware Fusion.

I was able to consolidate the methods to work rather well together. As soon as Ubuntu 8.10 Server JEOS (Intrepid) is released, I’ll verify the procedure on that operating system as well.

If you’re looking for instructions on how to install Oracle 11 XE on Ubuntu 8.04.1, look at Installing Oracle Database XE on Debian, Ubuntu, and Kubuntu by Todd Trichler.
Create a VMware Image with the following settings

  1. Choose 32bit Ubuntu for the OS type
  2. 1024 MBytes RAM
  3. 16GBytes disk space
  4. Ubuntu 8.04.1 (or higher) Server JEOS edition http://www.ubuntu.com/products/whatisubuntu/serveredition/jeos
  5. Upon the os installation, create a non “oracle” id to use to administer the os.

Install the required updates and packages

$ sudo aptitude update
sudo aptitude safe-upgrade
sudo aptitude install build-essential xinetd linux-headers-`uname -r` openssh-client openssh-server unzip libaio1 gawk ksh rpm libmotif3 alien lsb-rpm libtool libxtst-dev libxtst6 libstdc++5

Add swap

$ sudo dd if=/dev/zero of=/extraswap bs=1M count=1536
sudo mkswap /extraswap
sudo swapon /extraswap
sudo echo "/extraswap   none   swap   sw   0   0" >> /etc/fstab

# "/sbin/swapon -s" should show the added swap space
/sbin/swapon -s
Filename				Type		Size	Used	Priority
/dev/mapper/oracle10g-swap_1            partition	401400	92	-1
/extraswap                              file		1048568	0	-2

If VMware Server version is 2.0x or higher, install VMware tools:

$ sudo su - root
mount /dev/cdrom
cp /media/cdrom/*.gz ~
tar zxvf VMwareTools*.tar.gz
cd vmware-tools-distrib
./vmware-install.pl

If VMware Server version is 1.0x, install VMware tools:

$ sudo su - root
mount /dev/cdrom
cp /media/cdrom/*.gz ~
aptitude install libgtk2.0-dev libproc-dev libdumbnet-dev xorg-dev wget
wget http://mesh.dl.sourceforge.net/sourceforge/open-vm-tools/open-vm-tools-2008.04.14-87182.tar.gz
tar xzvf VMware*.gz ; sudo tar xzvf open-vm-tools*.gz ; cd open-vm-tools-2008.04.14-87182/
./configure && make
cd modules/linux/
for i in *; do mv ${i} ${i}-only; tar -cf ${i}.tar ${i}-only; done
cd ../../..
mv -f open-vm-tools-2008.04.14-87182/modules/linux/*.tar vmware-tools-distrib/lib/modules/source/ ; cd vmware-tools-distrib/
sudo ./vmware-install.pl
sudo reboot

Append to /etc/sysctl.conf

$ sudo cat >> /etc/sysctl.conf < <EOF
fs.file-max = 65535
kernel.shmall = 2097152
kernel.shmmax = 2147483648
kernel.shmmni = 4096
kernel.sem = 250 32000 100 128
net.ipv4.ip_local_port_range = 1024 65535
net.core.rmem_default = 1048576
net.core.rmem_max = 1048576
net.core.wmem_default = 262144
net.core.wmem_max = 262144
EOF

Append to /etc/security/limits.conf

$ sudo cat >> /etc/security/limits.conf < <EOF
oracle soft nproc 2047
oracle hard nproc 16383
oracle soft nofile 1023
oracle hard nofile 65535
EOF

Append to /etc/pam.d/login

$ sudo cat >> /etc/pam.d/login < <EOF
session required /lib/security/pam_limits.so
session required pam_limits.so
EOF

Set up user / groups

$ sudo su - root
addgroup oinstall ; addgroup dba ; addgroup nobody ; usermod -g nobody nobody ;  useradd -g oinstall -G dba -p password -d /home/oracle -s /bin/bash oracle
passwd oracle
mkdir /home/oracle ; chown -R oracle:dba /home/oracle ; ln -s /usr/bin/awk /bin/awk ; ln -s /usr/bin/rpm /bin/rpm ; ln -s /usr/bin/basename /bin/basename ; mkdir /etc/rc.d
for i in 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 S ; do ln -s /etc/rc$i.d /etc/rc.d/rc$i.d ; done
mkdir -p /dbms/oracle ; chown -R oracle:dba /dbms/oracle ;  sysctl -p
reboot

Retrieve Oracle 10g zip file

  1. Copy the Oracle install zip file from disc or somewhere
  2. Unzip it
  3. Retrieve IP of the network card

    $ ifconfig |grep "Bcast"

    Install / Configure oracle manually verifying any requirements:

    $ ssh -C -X oracle@(ipaddress)
    ...
    cd /home//database
    ./runInstaller -ignoreSysPrereqs

    iSQL*Plus URL:

    http://(ipaddress):5560/isqlplus

    iSQL*Plus DBA URL:

    http://(ipaddress):5560/isqlplus/dba

    Enterprise Manager 10g Database Control URL:

    http://(ipaddress):1158/em

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3 thoughts on “Installing Oracle 10g / 11g on Ubuntu 8.04.1 (Hardy Heron) Server JEOS in VMware Server 1.0x/2.0x

  1. With Ubuntu 8.10 Server, you will need to also install psmisc and xauth.

  2. Rick Greenfield says:

    Also needed to run as root

    aptitude install libxp6 libxp-dev libxp-java

  3. For CentOS 5 the following are needed: binutils compat-db compat-libstdc++-33 glibc glibc-devel glibc-headers gcc gcc-c++ libstdc++ cpp make libaio ksh elfutils-libelf sysstat libaio libaio-devel libXp libXp-devel

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